The profession of a psychologist is one that is very broad, covering a wide range of specialties. Some psychologists spend their time using their knowledge to help treat people who suffer from mental illnesses. Others work at schools. Some even work in animal laboratories or zoos. To keep things simple, it is important to note that there are 56 distinct divisions found within the field of psychology.
Three Areas of Specialty
Even though there are technically more than 50 types of psychologists, it is comforting to know that the most these types can be categorized into one of the three following areas:
These types of psychologists spend their time conducting studies and experimenting on either human or animal participants. A large amount of research psychologists are able to find employment through universities and government entities. Many times, the research that they conduct focuses on one or more of the following areas of specialty:
– Social behavior
The profession of applied psychologists usually involves the utilization of psychological principles to solve a wide range of real-world problems. Titles of professionals who enter into this line of work tend to include any of the following:
– Engineering psychologists
– Human factors psychologists
– Aviation psychologists
Mental Health Psychologists
These types of psychologists work with people who suffer from mental health disorders. In some instances, they work with patients who suffer from psychological distress. Common places of employment for mental health psychologists include any of the following locations:
– Substance abuse centers
– Private practices
– Mental health facilities
– Government funded offices
How to Become a Psychologist?
To become a psychologist, a person will have to complete several years of studies at an accredited institution. Most professions in this line of work will mandate that a person have at least a master’s degree in a psychology-related field as well as some type of clinical licensure. To become an actual clinical psychologist, a person will need to obtain a doctorate level degree.
Salary Levels of Psychologists
In May of 2013, the lowest 10th percentile of psychologists made over $60,000 a year. The top 10th percentile made over $105,000 a year. Below is a closer look at salary levels of those entering into certain specialties of the psychologist profession:
School Psychologist: more than $59,000 a year
Social Worker: more than $40,000 a year
Substance Abuse Counselor: more than $55,000 a year
Neuropsychologist: more than $75,000 a year
Clinical Psychologist: more than $60,000 a year
Industrial-Organizational Psychologist: more than $95,000 a year
Psychiatrist with an advanced degree: more than $144,000 a year
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